The Covid-19 Shock: Effects on the Migrant Labour Force and Remittances

By: Dr. Zsoka Koczan and Dr. Alexander Plekhanov
In this article, we examine the likely effects of the pandemic on employment for immigrants and, in turn, on remittances. Although immigration to advanced economies generally receives more attention, it is important to note that emerging markets and developing economies host almost half of the world’s migrants. Motivated by this, we zoom in on a group of select emerging markets with significant migrant populations in south-eastern Europe and Russia (looking at the experiences of migrants predominantly from Central Asia and the Caucasus in Russia, from Bosnia and Herzegovina in Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia, and Albanians in Greece). In turn, we look at how these shocks are transmitted to the migrants’ home countries through remittance flows.

The Brides for Survival: Tracking the Invisible Pandemic of Early Marriages in India

By: Reetika Subramanian
A growing body of largely empirical literature, particularly in Asia and Africa, examines the disproportionate impacts of, and the potential interlinkages between early marriage, climate change and natural disasters. This research offers both theoretical insights that have global resonance and ethnographic particularities that are relevant to the conversations on the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Stay at Home?” How Syrian Refugees Face a Crisis of Shelter in Jordan

By: Cevdet Acu
I came to Amman/Jordan on 8 March 2020, only three days before the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as a pandemic. I had travelled to Jordan to conduct interviews with Syrian refugees in order to gain a better understanding of their economic integration in society. However, the COVID-19 crisis changed my original plans as it changed almost everything, from the governments’ refugee policies to human relations across the world.

Global Conversations – Technology, Remote Work and Sustainable Livelihoods for Refugees

The fourth video in our Global Conversations series.
There is an urgent need for scalable, sustainable and replicable models of job creation for refugees, and technology has the potential to provide this. Yet, this potential has not been fully realised for refugees. The current disruption to employment caused by COVID-19, forcing many to work from home, has emphasized the potential for some work to be done remotely, via technology. As many companies now realise that their employees can work anywhere, from home, from a cafe or even from a refugee camp, this has presented an opportunity for refugees.

The Impact of Covid-19 on Migrants and Migration in the Gulf States

By: Dr. Georgia Cole
It is fitting that the Centre for Global Human Movement’s first Global Conversation on Covid-19 began with a discussion on the virus’ impact on migrants in the Gulf States. As Froilan Malit, Jr. outlined at the start of his talk, all but two states within the Gulf Cooperation Council, namely Oman and Saudi Arabia, have a larger number of migrants within their borders than nationals. Any effective and sustainable regional response to the virus must thus necessarily put migrants and migration at its centre. While political leverage is far from evenly distributed between governments in the Gulf and those in migrants’ home countries, a degree of interdependence means that governments in migrants’ countries of origin have also been enrolled in conversations about how to manage the virus’s impacts on public health, social protection, transnational remittances and international diplomacy.

COVID-19 and State of Preparedness for the Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh

By: Dr. Mohammad Tarikul Islam
Bangladesh now hosts around one million Rohingya refugees, many living in makeshift camps in the area of Cox’s Bazar. The Rohingya refugees are highly vulnerable to Covid-19 in part because of the health risks associated with displacement, overcrowding, increased climatic exposure due to substandard shelter, and the poor nutritional and health status among affected populations.

COVID-19 Impact on Zoonotic Disease Risk Solutions in Displaced Populations

By: Dorien Braam
As the war in Syria drags on, humanitarian actors have shifted from emergency response towards longer term development aid, affecting the assistance available to people living outside formal refugee camps. The recent measures, that have been implemented to reduce the impact of the unfolding COVID-19 pandemic have further restricted the availability of aid. Lockdowns and movement restrictions have severely disrupted the supply of medical and food items available to refugees in- and outside camps. Worldwide COVID-19 policy and health responses have so far mainly relied on uncontextualized ‘science-based’ risk assessments, which risk exacerbating local socio-economic and health inequalities.